Hailed as a great progressive, and savior of Russia from Napoleon.
A man filled with “liberal” intentions but whose regime did little to alleviate the misery of the masses. He ruled during the time of Napoleon’s invasion and went on to lead the Congress of Vienna to what he hoped would be a united Europe free of wars
Portrait by artist-historian George Stuart.
Courtesy Museum of Ventura County.
Images © copyright by Peter d'Aprix