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Image: Figures from history of France as Bourbon Dynasty, republic and empire.

Portrait length color image of Catherine de Medici aka. Queen Consort of France, by George Stuart.
Text: Signature image of Catherine de Medici aka. Queen Consort of France, by George Stuart.

She resorted to desperate measures to save her four lackluster sons from disaster—she failed!

Catherine de Medici (1519-1589) was granddaughter of Lorenzo de Medici. She married the second son of Francis I, later King Henry II of France, in 1533. She allied herself with the Catholic party during the Wars of Religion and took part in planning the massacre of Saint Bartholomew’s Day in 1572. Her efforts to maintain the peace were constantly thwarted by fighting between Catholic and Protestant factions. Her dominant role in French politics came to naught in the end, when her Valois dynasty was replaced by the Bourbons.

Full length color image of Catherine de Medici aka. Queen Consort of France, by George Stuart.

Left close up color image of Catherine de Medici aka. Queen Consort of France, by George Stuart.

Right closup color image of Catherine de Medici aka. Queen Consort of France, by George Stuart.

Portrait by artist-historian George Stuart.
Courtesy George S. Stuart.

More about Catherine de Medici...



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Historical Figures of France


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