A man of many parts.
Burgoyne had a long and distinguished military career, serving in the Seven Years War and later in Portugal against Spain, which made him a celebrated hero. He also distinguished himself as a member of Parliament, making his mark by bringing down Lord Clive (of India fame). Later he took part in the investment in Boston, but did not see action. He was back in Canada once more, but returned to England to criticize the American campaign.
The King George elevated his rank to Lt. General and gave him an army to invade the colonies from the north. The planned pincer operation went awry and Burgoyne was forced to surrender his army. He went on to command forces in Ireland and then return to Parliament. When retired he continued writing plays, which Walpole stated would become immortal!
Portrait by artist-historian George Stuart.
Courtesy Museum of Ventura County.
Images © copyright by Peter d'Aprix