Home Gallery Stuart Foundation News Shoppe Contact Table of Contents

Text: Figures of the Renaissance and Reformation
Image of John Knox, Henry VIII, Cardinal Wolsey, Pope Leo X and Savonarola
From collections of the Museum of Ventura County and the artist.

Personal whims and vices would dominate kings and popes, changing the course of history.

The Renaissance was offspring of wealthy Italian merchants and bankers like the Florentine Ludovico Sforza, Lorenzo de Medici and Philip II of Spain. Instead of enlightenment, the family Borgia sought power and is represented here by siblings Juan Borgia, Cesare Borgia, Lucrezia and father Rodrigo Borgia made Pope Alexander VI. A gaudy and sumptuous lifestyle masked a murderous culture at its core. Some like Dominican priest Girolamo Savonarola fought and died for church reform. The Papacy seemed to have lost its calling, but then Martin Luther, a lowly priest was to drag all of Western Europe into decades of conflict over their souls’ salvation. In England, Henry VIII inadvertently advanced the reformation by splitting away from the Church in Rome and banishing his diplomatic Cardinal Wolsey. Henry's daughter, Mary Tudor as queen tried unsuccessfully to return England to the Church of Rome. Meanwhile the Church enabled the Spanish inquisition of Queen Isabella through Tomas de Torquemada. It was left to Ignatius Loyola to establish the Jesuits and Francis Borgia to save the Order and the Counter Reformation it taught. Meanwhile, the Protestant movement was fueled by Jon Calvin, John Knox.

Home
Gallery Guide
Last Group
Next Group
George Stuart Signature

 

Thumbnail color image of St. Francis Borgia aka.
St. Francis Borgia

Thumbnail color image of King Ferdinand 1478 aka. Fernando el Católico, by George Stuart.
King Ferdinand 1478

Thumbnail color image of Lorenzo de Medici aka. Lorenzo the Magnificent, by George Stuart.
Lorenzo de Medici

Thumbnail color image of Queen Isabella 1478 aka.
Queen Isabella 1478

Thumbnail color image of Ludovico Sforza aka. Ludovico il Moro, by George Stuart.
Ludovico Sforza

Thumbnail color image of Girolamo Savonarola, by George Stuart.
Girolamo Savonarola

Thumbnail color image of Tomas de Torquemada aka. Grand Inquisitor, by George Stuart.
Tomas de Torquemada

Thumbnail color image of Pope Alexander VI 1496, by George Stuart.
Pope Alexander VI 1496

Thumbnail color image of Juan Borgia aka. Cardinal Borgia, by George Stuart.
Juan Borgia

Thumbnail color image of Lucrezia Borgia aka. Duchesse  of Ferrara, by George Stuart.
Lucrezia Borgia

Thumbnail color image of Pope Leo X aka.
Pope Leo X

Thumbnail color image of Martin Luther aka.
Martin Luther

Thumbnail color image of St. Ignatius de Loyola aka. Jesuit, by George Stuart.
St. Ignatius de Loyola

Thumbnail color image of Charles V aka. Charles V of Spain,
Holy Roman Emperor,
Charles V

Thumbnail color image of St. Teresa of Avila aka.
St. Teresa of Avila

Thumbnail color image of Phillip II aka.
Phillip II

Thumbnail color image of Henry VIII aka. Henry Tudor, by George Stuart.
Henry VIII

Thumbnail color image of Cardinal Wolsey aka. Lord Chancellor, by George Stuart.
Cardinal Wolsey

Thumbnail color image of Mary Tudor aka.
Mary Tudor

Thumbnail color image of John Knox aka. “The Trumpet of the Scottish Reformation
John Knox

Thumbnail color image of John Calvin aka.
John Calvin

Thumbnail color image of Cesare Borgia aka. Cardinal Borgia, by George Stuart.
Cesare Borgia

Thumbnail color image of Bartolomeo de las Casas aka.
Bartolomeo de las Casas

Thumbnail color image of Niccolo Machiavelli aka.
Niccolo Machiavelli






Home Gallery Stuart Foundation News Shoppe Contact Table of Contents


HISTORICAL FIGURES FOUNDATION

Preserving Historical Figures® by George S. Stuart


Please contact the Webmaster if you are experiencing problems with the website.