Image: Figures from history of France as Bourbon Dynasty, republic and empire.
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Text: Historical Figures of France

From Ancien Regime to Empire

Through the fortuitous death of his brothers-in-law, Henry Bourbon inherited the throne and founded the Bourbon dynasty. This family dominated French history for more than 250 years. The greatest Bourbon ruler, Louis XIV, was the personification of royal grandeur, whereas his descendants became the symbols of all that was corrupt and parasitical in the monarchy. King Louis XVI and his queen Marie Antoinette paid with their heads, as did thousands of French aristocracy! The rule of the Ancien Regime ended in the tumultuous French Revolution of Maximilien Robespierre and the guillotine. Napoleon Bonaparte led the young French Republic to a French Empire only to be defeated, opening the door to the Bourbon restoration of Louis XVIII and Charles X.

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George Stuart Signature
Thumbnail color image of Norman Knight  aka.
Norman Knight

Thumbnail color image of John Calvin aka. Jean Calvin, by George Stuart.
John Calvin

Thumbnail color image of Catherine de Medici aka. Queen Consort of France, by George Stuart.
Catherine de Medici

Thumbnail color image of Marguerite de Valois aka. Margaret of France, by George Stuart.
Marguerite de Valois

Thumbnail color image of Marie de Medici aka. Maria of Tuscanny, by George Stuart.
Marie de Medici

Thumbnail color image of Henry IV aka. Henry IV of France,
Bon Roi Henri, by George Stuart.
Henry IV

Thumbnail color image of Cardinal Richelieu aka. Armand Jean du Plessis,
Cardinal-duc de Richelieu et de Fronsac,
Cardinal Richelieu

Thumbnail color image of Fr. Joseph Francois du Tremblay aka.
Fr. Joseph Francois du Tremblay

Thumbnail color image of Louis XIII aka. Louis XIII of France,
Louis XIII

Thumbnail color image of Gaston d' Orleans aka. Gaston of France, by George Stuart.
Gaston d' Orleans

Thumbnail color image of Gilles de Retz aka. Gilles de Montmorency-Laval, by George Stuart.
Gilles de Retz

Thumbnail color image of Louis XIV (equestrian) aka. Louis XIV of France,
Louis XIV (equestrian)

Thumbnail color image of French Peasant Family aka.
French Peasant Family

Thumbnail color image of Madame de Montespan aka. Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan, by George Stuart.
Madame de Montespan

Thumbnail color image of Louis XIV 1685 aka.
Louis XIV 1685

Thumbnail color image of Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon aka. Madame Scarron, by George Stuart.
Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon

Thumbnail color image of Louis XIV (robes of state) aka. Louis XIV of France,
Louis XIV (robes of state)

Thumbnail color image of Philippe II Duke of Orleans, Regent aka. Philippe d'Orléans , by George Stuart.
Philippe II Duke of Orleans, Regent

Thumbnail color image of Louis XV 1745 aka. Louis XV of France,
“Beloved to him”, by George Stuart.
Louis XV 1745

Thumbnail color image of  Madame de Pompadour (reclined) aka.
Madame de Pompadour (reclined)

Thumbnail color image of Archduchess Maria Antonia aka.
Archduchess Maria Antonia

Thumbnail color image of Countess Du Barry aka. Jeanne Bécu , by George Stuart.
Countess Du Barry

Thumbnail color image of Louis XV 1774 aka.
Louis XV 1774

Thumbnail color image of Marquis de Lafayette aka. Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, by George Stuart.
Marquis de Lafayette

Thumbnail color image of Empress Maria Theresa aka.
Empress Maria Theresa

Thumbnail color image of Louis XVI 1778 aka.
Louis XVI 1778

Thumbnail color image of Princess de Lamballe aka. Princess Marie Louise of Savoy, by George Stuart.
Princess de Lamballe

Thumbnail color image of Frederick II aka.
Frederick II

Thumbnail color image of Benjamin Franklin aka.
Benjamin Franklin

Thumbnail color image of Louis XVI 1780 (seated) aka.
Louis XVI 1780 (seated)

Thumbnail color image of Marie Antoinette (at court) aka.
Marie Antoinette (at court)

Thumbnail color image of Marie Antoinette (at Trianon), by George Stuart.
Marie Antoinette (at Trianon)

Thumbnail color image of Count Alessandro Cagliostro aka. Joseph Balsamo, by George Stuart.
Count Alessandro Cagliostro

Thumbnail color image of Cardinal de Rohan aka. Louis René Édouard
de Rohan , by George Stuart.
Cardinal de Rohan

Thumbnail color image of Count Hans Axel von Fersen aka. Hans Axel Count von Fersen the Younger, by George Stuart.
Count Hans Axel von Fersen

Thumbnail color image of Countess Jeanne de la Motte aka. Jeanne de 
Valois-Saint-Rémy, by George Stuart.
Countess Jeanne de la Motte

Thumbnail color image of Countess de la Motte (necklace) aka. Jeanne de Valois, by George Stuart.
Countess de la Motte (necklace)

Thumbnail color image of Marie Antoinette (children), by George Stuart.
Marie Antoinette (children)

Thumbnail color image of Duchess Yolande de Polignac aka. Yolande Martine Gabrielle de Polastron, by George Stuart.
Duchess Yolande de Polignac

Thumbnail color image of Empress Marie Louise Bonaparte aka. Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma, by George Stuart.
Empress Marie Louise Bonaparte

Thumbnail color image of Marie Antoinette (widow) aka. Widow Capet, by George Stuart.
Marie Antoinette (widow)

Thumbnail color image of Guillotine (fixture)  aka.
Guillotine (fixture)

Thumbnail color image of Executioner Henry Sanson, by George Stuart.
Executioner Henry Sanson

Thumbnail color image of Marie Antoinette (at guillotine), by George Stuart.
Marie Antoinette (at guillotine)

Thumbnail color image of Maximilien Robespierre aka. President of the National Convention, by George Stuart.
Maximilien Robespierre

Thumbnail color image of Louis XVII Dauphin (seated) aka. Louis-Charles 
Prince Royal of France, by George Stuart.
Louis XVII Dauphin (seated)

Thumbnail color image of Josephine Bonaparte aka. Joséphine de Beauharnais, by George Stuart.
Josephine Bonaparte

Thumbnail color image of Napoleon Bonaparte aka.
Napoleon Bonaparte

Thumbnail color image of Louis XVIII aka.
Louis XVIII

Thumbnail color image of Charles X aka. Charles X of France,
Charles Count of Artois
, by George Stuart.
Charles X














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